After the voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492, boats sailed west and east from all the powerful nations of western Europe - England, Holland, Belgium, France, Prussia, Portugal, Spain. Continents and islands were sought wherever they sailed - Americas, Africa, Australia, India, etc. These voyages were followed by invasion and plundering. Typically, non-white people already lived on these newly found lands. Most invaders considered themselves superior to non-white people. Racism was rampant - an absolute tragedy, regrettably still existing all over the world. On the continent of Australia, the white invaders did their best to eliminate the Aboriginals - the many tribes of whom had been on the continent for the previous 60,000 yrs. The British invaders conveniently declared the continent to be "terra nullius" - land belonging to no-one. Just great. No problem - ownership problem solved by declaration!……………. In 1953, at age 11, I came to Tasmania from Holland - an ignorant immigrant child. I remember very well the German soldiers living in our house during WWII. Another invasion. After that war, Europe was a mess. A huge diaspora from Europe resulted. In time, I became aware of the history of the tragic relations which developed between between Tasmanian Aboriginals and the white invaders on this island. Another war. That war story badly needs revealing. This album is an attempt to do so………..When I was a child, "fairy tales" were told to kids to get them off to sleep at bedtime. The stories typically started with: "Once upon a time ......". This album is also called "Once upon a time ......". However, this is no fairy tale. Rather, it's the true story of what happened on the island of Tasmania, Australia, after the coming of fur sealers (1790 onwards), English invaders (1803/4) - initially with many convicts, then followed by land settlers. Whaling began around 1805. Anybody seen whales off Hobart today? Present on the island already for many, many centuries were Tasmanian Aboriginals. The Aboriginals engaged in war with the white intruders. It was, after all, an invasion. The natives were vastly outnumbered. Technically, it was spears and stones against muskets. Concerted efforts were made by whites to round up any surviving Aboriginals, who were then incarcerated at Wybalenna, (Flinders Island), where many died.......……. This album illustrates (some) of "what was .... " conditions by showing still existing circumstances of what Tasmania was like before white invaders settled. These "what was ..." conditions are contrasted with "what is ..." ones. That is, the circumstances prevailing today. There has been rape of the land and the sea - forestry, agriculture, settlements, roads, commercial fishing & whaling - plus their supporting industries. Uncontrolled bushfires have resulted, where previously, judicious burning of the land was practiced by Tasmanian Aboriginals to promote grass for food for hunting of native animals.
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what was - the big tree (yellow=1.2M)
what is .... native  eucs for chips
what is  ... plantation trees 1 - for chips
what is ...plantation trees 2  - for chips
what is - sustainable forests?
what is -plantation logging, Hampshire
what is ...woodchips burnie wharf
what was - aboriginal rock art
what is .... modern rock "art"
what was - aboriginal fish trap (low tide)
what is.....  coastal fishing boat
what is -  view from VDL Co base
"what is ...."  sign for emu plains rd.
what is ....emus(?) on the plains
what was - once were emus - no longer
what is - whale blubber try pot, hobart
what is - whale right jaw bone 6M TMAG

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