After the voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492, boats sailed west and east from all the powerful nations of western Europe - England, Holland, Belgium, France, Prussia, Portugal, Spain. Continents and islands were sought wherever they sailed - Americas, Africa, Australia, India, etc. These voyages were followed by invasion and plundering. Typically, non-white people already lived on these newly found lands. Most invaders considered themselves superior to non-white people. Racism was rampant - an absolute tragedy, regrettably still existing all over the world. On the continent of Australia, the white invaders did their best to eliminate the Aboriginals - the many tribes of whom had been on the continent for the previous 60,000 yrs. The British invaders conveniently declared the continent to be "terra nullius" - land belonging to no-one. No problem. Ownership problem solved by declaration……………. At age 11, I came to Tasmania in 1953 from Holland. In time, I became aware of the history of the tragic relations which developed between between Tasmanian Aboriginals and the whites on this island. First, there were fur sealers (1790 onwards). Then English invaders (1803/4) - initially with many convicts, followed by land settlers. Whaling began around 1805. Present on the island already for many, many centuries earlier, were Tasmanian Aboriginals. The Aboriginals (vastly out numbered by whites), engaged in war with the intruders. Technically, it was spears, clubs and stones against muskets - no contest. Concerted efforts were made by whites (G.A. Robinson/ Lt. Gov. Arthur) to round up remaining Aboriginals, who were then incarcerated at Wybalenna, (Flinders Island, 1833), where many died.......……. This album illustrates some of the "what was" conditions by showing (still existing) examples of what Tasmania was like before white invaders came. These conditions are contrasted with "what is" ones -i.e. the circumstances prevailing today. There has been rape of the land and the sea - mining, forestry, agriculture, settlements, roads, commercial fishing & whaling - plus their supporting industries. Out of control bushfires have resulted, where previously continuous burning of the bush was practiced by Tasmanian Aboriginals.
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what was - the big tree (yellow=1.2M)
what is .... native  eucs for chips
what is  ... plantation trees 1 - for chips
what is ...plantation trees 2  - for chips
what is - sustainable forests?
what is -plantation logging, Hampshire
what is ...woodchips burnie wharf
what was - aboriginal rock art
what is .... modern rock "art"
what was - aboriginal fish trap (low tide)
what is.....  coastal fishing boat
what is -  view from VDL Co base
"what is ...."  sign for emu plains rd.
what is ....emus(?) on the plains
what was - once were emus - no longer
what is - whale right jaw bone 6M TMAG
what is - whale blubber try pot, hobart
what was - midden -poles 1M sep.
what was- midden 1 - cap 75mm

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